<html>
  <head>
    <meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"
      http-equiv="Content-Type">
  </head>
  <body text="#000000" bgcolor="#FFFFFF">
    <div class="moz-cite-prefix">Dear All,<br>
      <br>
      Two problems:&nbsp; 1) Big data is full of junk data because it is just
      scooped. The assumption is that the junk will just become noise.
      Does anyone know if that's ever been tested? 2) Big data reports
      trends or data on individual phenomena, data on persons.&nbsp; So on
      the one hand we have a portrait of humans dominated by the
      statistical person which can say nothing of use about an
      individual. When it reports trends, individual variation is
      dropped out. When big data&nbsp; reports a collection of stuff
      affiliated say with an email address, meaning made out of that
      collection of stuff is subject to all kinds of misinterpretation
      because the context for any one bit of information is lost and yet
      one bit of information or another may be endowed with "meaning" by
      the viewer of the data. She <i>read</i> that book? Must mean....A
      lot of humans seem to be concrete thinkers around the meaning of
      things and there is a lingering fantasy that because we can be
      impressed powerfully, we are literally impressed by things we see,
      rather like a new version of the old idea that pregnant ladies
      should only look on beautiful things to avoid having an ugly
      child.<br>
      <br>
      Two more problems: 1) To borrow a thought from a terrific book<span
        style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:&quot;Arial Unicode
        MS&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"> (<span
          style="mso-bidi-font-weight:bold">Jan Lauwereyns' <i>Brain
            and the Gaze: On the
            Active Boundaries of Vision</i>)</span><o:p></o:p></span>
      <meta name="ProgId" content="Word.Document">
      <meta name="Generator" content="Microsoft Word 12">
      <meta name="Originator" content="Microsoft Word 12">
      <link rel="File-List"
href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CCHRIST%7E1%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_filelist.xml">
      <link rel="themeData"
href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CCHRIST%7E1%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_themedata.thmx">
      <link rel="colorSchemeMapping"
href="file:///C:%5CUsers%5CCHRIST%7E1%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_colorschememapping.xml">
      <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
 <w:WordDocument>
  <w:View>Normal</w:View>
  <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom>
  <w:TrackMoves/>
  <w:TrackFormatting/>
  <w:PunctuationKerning/>
  <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/>
  <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>
  <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent>
  <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>
  <w:DoNotPromoteQF/>
  <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther>
  <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian>
  <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript>
  <w:Compatibility>
   <w:BreakWrappedTables/>
   <w:SnapToGridInCell/>
   <w:WrapTextWithPunct/>
   <w:UseAsianBreakRules/>
   <w:DontGrowAutofit/>
   <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark/>
   <w:DontVertAlignCellWithSp/>
   <w:DontBreakConstrainedForcedTables/>
   <w:DontVertAlignInTxbx/>
   <w:Word11KerningPairs/>
   <w:CachedColBalance/>
  </w:Compatibility>
  <m:mathPr>
   <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math"/>
   <m:brkBin m:val="before"/>
   <m:brkBinSub m:val="&#45;-"/>
   <m:smallFrac m:val="off"/>
   <m:dispDef/>
   <m:lMargin m:val="0"/>
   <m:rMargin m:val="0"/>
   <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup"/>
   <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440"/>
   <m:intLim m:val="subSup"/>
   <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr"/>
  </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument>
</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
 <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" DefUnhideWhenUsed="true"
  DefSemiHidden="true" DefQFormat="false" DefPriority="99"
  LatentStyleCount="267">
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Normal"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="heading 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 7"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 8"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 9"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 7"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 8"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 9"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="35" QFormat="true" Name="caption"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="10" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Title"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" Name="Default Paragraph Font"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="11" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtitle"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="22" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Strong"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="20" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Emphasis"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="59" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Table Grid"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Placeholder Text"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="No Spacing"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Revision"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="List Paragraph"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Quote"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" SemiHidden="false"
   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" Name="Bibliography"/>
  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
 </w:LatentStyles>
</xml><![endif]-->
      <style>
<!--
 /* Font Definitions */
 @font-face
        {font-family:"Cambria Math";
        panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4;
        mso-font-charset:0;
        mso-generic-font-family:roman;
        mso-font-pitch:variable;
        mso-font-signature:-536870145 1107305727 0 0 415 0;}
@font-face
        {font-family:"Arial Unicode MS";
        panose-1:2 11 6 4 2 2 2 2 2 4;
        mso-font-charset:128;
        mso-generic-font-family:swiss;
        mso-font-pitch:variable;
        mso-font-signature:-134238209 -371195905 63 0 4129279 0;}
@font-face
        {font-family:Calibri;
        panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4;
        mso-font-charset:0;
        mso-generic-font-family:swiss;
        mso-font-pitch:variable;
        mso-font-signature:-536870145 1073786111 1 0 415 0;}
@font-face
        {font-family:"\@Arial Unicode MS";
        panose-1:2 11 6 4 2 2 2 2 2 4;
        mso-font-charset:128;
        mso-generic-font-family:swiss;
        mso-font-pitch:variable;
        mso-font-signature:-134238209 -371195905 63 0 4129279 0;}
 /* Style Definitions */
 p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal
        {mso-style-unhide:no;
        mso-style-qformat:yes;
        mso-style-parent:"";
        margin-top:0in;
        margin-right:0in;
        margin-bottom:10.0pt;
        margin-left:0in;
        line-height:115%;
        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
        font-size:11.0pt;
        font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
        mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri;
        mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
        mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;
        mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;
        mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
        mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}
p
        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
        mso-style-priority:99;
        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
        margin-right:0in;
        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
        margin-left:0in;
        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
        font-size:12.0pt;
        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
.MsoChpDefault
        {mso-style-type:export-only;
        mso-default-props:yes;
        mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri;
        mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
        mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;
        mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;
        mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
        mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}
.MsoPapDefault
        {mso-style-type:export-only;
        margin-bottom:10.0pt;
        line-height:115%;}
@page WordSection1
        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;
        mso-header-margin:.5in;
        mso-footer-margin:.5in;
        mso-paper-source:0;}
div.WordSection1
        {page:WordSection1;}
--> </style>, our visual systems are "meaning making machines" and to
      understand them, we have to understand both the brain and the
      gaze, and so the problem of the subjectivity of the observer is
      always in play. This is an argument for the whole mind, not just a
      particular function of it, imho, but to tell the truth, I'm not
      finished with the book yet. 2) Our brains, just like our
      statistics, drop information in order to clarify. So like "junk"
      DNA, we are discovering that what is dropped is often more
      important than we imagined at first.<br>
      <br>
      I am a bit agnostic over the question of whether and how our
      brains are changing. The more I read history, the more I am
      discouraged by the thought that little has changed. But for
      survival, we have to do a better job of projecting into the
      future, need to learn to envision a longer term than we have been
      doing. Would pulling the past along with us a little more help or
      hinder?&nbsp; Does everyone need to learn more biology (to climb out of
      a physics machine model) and semiotics?<br>
      <br>
      My best,<br>
      <br>
      Christina<br>
      <br>
      <br>
      <br>
      On 7/2/2013 8:13 AM, Simon Biggs wrote:<br>
    </div>
    <blockquote
      cite="mid:A0113101-75A1-408A-80A9-1A76199FE237@littlepig.org.uk"
      type="cite">
      <pre wrap="">----------empyre- soft-skinned space----------------------</pre>
      <br>
      <fieldset class="mimeAttachmentHeader"></fieldset>
      <br>
      <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;
        charset=ISO-8859-1">
      Hi Terry
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>Some very interesting and nuanced ideas here. Where is
        thought? Where is mind? Where is the voice in our heads we often
        characterise as thinking? What other forms might
        thinking/thought assume, especially in a technological society?
        How can we, in this context, avoid a dualist dead-end? Contested
        territory.</div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>Philosophers like Andy Clark might propose that mind and
        cognition are not functions of the individual sentient being but
        a networked and extended process that engages multiple agents -
        not just people but technical and other systems. Sue Hawksley
        (another of this month's discussants) undertook her PhD
        supervised by Andy and she might wish to comment on this. Bruno
        Latour's work on on inter-agency is highly salient here.</div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>James Leach, an anthropologist who was a guest on empyre
        about a year ago, might propose that mind is not a property of
        the individual but a negotiated collective (social) state from
        which we individually emerge (although in his thinking the
        notion of the individual is likely problematic). In this context
        the individual mind/self/internal-voice emerges from a
        complexity of voices that situate themselves through various
        performative activities.</div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>Big Data could be considered in these terms - a sort of dark
        matter that permeates what we recognise as knowledge - that
        which we can articulate as a shared understanding of things. How
        does Big Data, as a form of collective pre-knowledge, relate to
        our perception of things and sense of self in a technologised
        society? Returning to Latour, how might his insights into
        scientific practices interact with Leach's ideas concerning the
        social performance of the self? More generally, how might we
        consider these questions in relation to networked social media,
        where many of these processes can be seen played out?</div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>I fear you will read what I've written here and think it is
        of an ilk you might consider as an "obsessive compulsive
        rehearsing of highly stratified bureaucratic cataloguing of
        meaning". It might well be. If so then I'd be especially
        interested in your thoughts.</div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>best</div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>Simon</div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div><br>
      </div>
      <div>
        <div>
          <div>On 2 Jul 2013, at 08:36, Terry Flaxton &lt;<a
              moz-do-not-send="true"
              href="mailto:Terry.Flaxton@uwe.ac.uk">Terry.Flaxton@uwe.ac.uk</a>&gt;
            wrote:</div>
          <br class="Apple-interchange-newline">
          <blockquote type="cite">----------empyre- soft-skinned
            space----------------------
            <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;
              charset=ISO-8859-1">
            <div style="word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
              -webkit-line-break: after-white-space; ">I'm not sure how
              the list works but&nbsp;I offer what follows as a
              provocation for discussion:
              <div><br>
              </div>
              <div><br>
              </div>
              <div>I sat through ISEA, as with many other
                conferences and for a long time an idea has been growing
                in me that challenges what I've been hearing:&nbsp;I <i>feel</i>
                that theoretical constructs <i>alone</i> are without
                worth. Put another way: The end of theory is nigh.</div>
              <div><br>
              </div>
              <div>
                <div>Take a construct like that of 'Big Data' where we
                  now have accepted an idea that there are trawling
                  algorithms that can find sufficient meaning to
                  agglomerate a conclusion from our collective behaviour
                  both online and via social media. But this is a
                  narrative construct about one behaviour that has&nbsp;<i>appeared</i>&nbsp;to
                  have been successful. Whether it is really successful
                  is another thing.</div>
                <div><br>
                </div>
                <div>Big Data, if it exists, is a consequence of two
                  things: Industrialisation of repetitive tasks and the
                  tendency of the Western Mind to require a <i>particular</i>
                  kind of answer. The 'repetitive tasks' in this case
                  are the so called democratic free thoughts of earths
                  individuals - thinking as if freely and yet
                  constrained by an obsessive compulsive rehearsing of
                  received thinking. I'm not sure whether the Eastern
                  Mind is susceptible to the same level by left brain
                  dominant thinking - I suspect though, that this is
                  also the case.</div>
                <div><br>
                </div>
                <div>...But Big Data does not exist. It is a fairy tale
                  for consumption.</div>
                <div><br>
                </div>
                <div>A cognitive approximation of hope and fear
                  distributed within a fairy-tale mime.</div>
                <div><br>
                </div>
                <div>Theory, or the obsessive compulsive rehearsing of
                  highly stratified bureaucratic cataloguing of meaning,
                  by the societal grouping known as&nbsp;<i>academia</i> (and
                  associated groupings)<i>,&nbsp;</i>is now dead.</div>
                <p class="MsoNormal">Here are my reasons for <i>thinking</i>
                  this:</p>
                <p class="MsoNormal">For several million years the human
                  project has advanced its
                  requirement to export memory and knowledge outside of
                  itself, beyond the
                  material, into its exogramatic form, data.</p>
                <p class="MsoNormal">Prior cognitive distributive
                  networks are
                  reconfiguring to enable this development to engage in
                  valuable exchange, but the 'language' that has served
                  us well
                  previously, is no longer fit for task and is currently
                  responsible for
                  remediating the vista before us &#8211; the consequence is
                  that the landscape we view seems to appear as one
                  thing, but is in fact something else altogether.</p>
                <div>Effectively our thinking minds are getting in the
                  way.</div>
                <p class="MsoNormal">New 'language' is developing but
                  due to an
                  increased velocitisation of human experience language
                  is lagging behind neural
                  developments - the reason being, theoretic language
                  per se developed from the needs of the prior
                  paradigm and is of a ratiocinatory bureaucratic
                  construction. Using it to describe something that is
                  beyond its nature renders it inherently reductionist.</p>
                <p class="MsoNormal">We now need to conceptualise new
                  forms of
                  communication to suit and be relevant to the
                  paradigmatic changes within
                  cognitive distributive networks &#8211; Fortunately for us,
                  Art is the primary
                  vessel for this communication. Unfortunately for us,
                  current artistic behaviour
                  is rehearsing past and increasingly irrelevant
                  concerns.</p>
                <p class="MsoNormal">In developing an appropriate
                  response to the
                  nature of the incoming paradigm, we need to <i>cognate</i>
                  beyond the kinds of thought
                  we have known until now - we need to create new
                  behaviours that utilise our
                  next developmental stage of mind, which uses
                  entrainment rather than ratiocinatory, rehearsed
                  frontal lobe behaviour, as its primary form.</p>
                <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span>&#8230;So I've
                  stayed away from the analogue based
                  theoretical language of the last 70 years because that
                  use of language
                  compromises the possible changes. Given my
                  proposition, ratiocination is the 'worry-beads' of the
                  mind, but entrainment is a possible way of leading
                  towards a way in which the human psyche can now
                  begin to respond. There&#8217;s
                  nothing wrong with the thinking mind &#8211; in its place -
                  which is to follow, rather
                  than lead human cognition.</p>
                <p class="MsoNormal">The thinking mind takes its lead
                  from the deep cognitive mind.&nbsp;</p>
                <p class="MsoNormal">Between the two is the intermediary
                  state, which used to be described as intuition. It
                  processed deep cognition and rendered it
                  understandable to the thinking mind - intuition in
                  gnostic circles was known as inward teaching, where
                  the thinking mind was 'instructed' in its duties. Now
                  intuition is simply <i>the intermediary process - </i>because
                  our late Enlightenment thinking requires
                  demystification. But demystification empowers thinking
                  and disempowers intuitive cognition.</p>
                <div>This description is another fairy tale - but:</div>
                <p class="MsoNormal">Becoming sensitive to the
                  production of this mechanism is the primary behaviour
                  required
                  for understanding the incoming paradigm - and
                  resistance, in this particular case, is
                  futile.</p>
                <div><br>
                </div>
                <div><br>
                  <div apple-content-edited="true">
                    <div style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size:
                      medium; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal;
                      font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal;
                      line-height: normal; orphans: 2; text-align:
                      -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform:
                      none; white-space: normal; widows: 2;
                      word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                      -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; word-wrap:
                      break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                      -webkit-line-break: after-white-space; "><span
                        class="Apple-style-span" style="border-collapse:
                        separate; border-spacing: 0px; ">
                        <div style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size:
                          medium; font-style: normal; font-variant:
                          normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing:
                          normal; line-height: normal; orphans: 2;
                          text-align: -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
                          text-transform: none; white-space: normal;
                          widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px;
                          -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                          -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;
                          border-collapse: separate; border-spacing:
                          0px; word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode:
                          space; -webkit-line-break: after-white-space;
                          ">
                          <div><br class="Apple-interchange-newline">
                            Terry Flaxton<br>
                            Professor of Cinematography and Lens&nbsp;Based
                            Media<br>
                            University of West of England<br>
                          </div>
                          <a moz-do-not-send="true"
                            href="http://www.visualfields.co.uk/flaxtonpage1.htm">http://www.visualfields.co.uk/flaxtonpage1.htm</a></div>
                        <div style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size:
                          medium; font-style: normal; font-variant:
                          normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing:
                          normal; line-height: normal; orphans: 2;
                          text-align: -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
                          text-transform: none; white-space: normal;
                          widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px;
                          -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                          -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; word-wrap:
                          break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                          -webkit-line-break: after-white-space; "><br>
                        </div>
                        <div style="font-family: Helvetica; font-size:
                          medium; font-style: normal; font-variant:
                          normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing:
                          normal; line-height: normal; orphans: 2;
                          text-align: -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
                          text-transform: none; white-space: normal;
                          widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px;
                          -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                          -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; word-wrap:
                          break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                          -webkit-line-break: after-white-space; "><br>
                        </div>
                        <br class="Apple-interchange-newline">
                        <br>
                      </span></div>
                  </div>
                  <br>
                </div>
              </div>
            </div>
            _______________________________________________<br>
            empyre forum<br>
            <a moz-do-not-send="true"
              href="mailto:empyre@lists.cofa.unsw.edu.au">empyre@lists.cofa.unsw.edu.au</a><br>
            <a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.subtle.net/empyre">http://www.subtle.net/empyre</a></blockquote>
        </div>
        <br>
        <div apple-content-edited="true">
          <span class="Apple-style-span" style="border-collapse:
            separate; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Helvetica;
            font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight:
            normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal;
            orphans: 2; text-align: -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
            text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2;
            word-spacing: 0px; border-spacing: 0px;
            -webkit-text-decorations-in-effect: none;
            -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
            0px; font-size: medium; ">
            <div style="word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
              -webkit-line-break: after-white-space; "><span
                class="Apple-style-span" style="border-collapse:
                separate; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Helvetica;
                font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight:
                normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal;
                orphans: 2; text-align: -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
                text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2;
                word-spacing: 0px; border-spacing: 0px;
                -webkit-text-decorations-in-effect: none;
                -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-size: medium; ">
                <div style="word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode:
                  space; -webkit-line-break: after-white-space; "><span
                    class="Apple-style-span" style="border-collapse:
                    separate; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family:
                    Helvetica; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal;
                    font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal;
                    line-height: normal; orphans: 2; text-align:
                    -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform:
                    none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing:
                    0px; border-spacing: 0px;
                    -webkit-text-decorations-in-effect: none;
                    -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                    -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-size: medium; ">
                    <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                      -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break:
                      after-white-space; "><span
                        class="Apple-style-span" style="border-collapse:
                        separate; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family:
                        Helvetica; font-style: normal; font-variant:
                        normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing:
                        normal; line-height: normal; orphans: 2;
                        text-align: -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
                        text-transform: none; white-space: normal;
                        widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; border-spacing:
                        0px; -webkit-text-decorations-in-effect: none;
                        -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                        -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-size:
                        medium; ">
                        <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                          -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break:
                          after-white-space; "><span
                            class="Apple-style-span"
                            style="border-collapse: separate; color:
                            rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Helvetica;
                            font-style: normal; font-variant: normal;
                            font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal;
                            line-height: normal; orphans: 2; text-align:
                            -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
                            text-transform: none; white-space: normal;
                            widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px;
                            border-spacing: 0px;
                            -webkit-text-decorations-in-effect: none;
                            -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                            -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-size:
                            medium; ">
                            <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                              -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                              -webkit-line-break: after-white-space; "><span
                                class="Apple-style-span"
                                style="border-collapse: separate; color:
                                rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: Helvetica;
                                font-style: normal; font-variant:
                                normal; font-weight: normal;
                                letter-spacing: normal; line-height:
                                normal; orphans: 2; text-align:
                                -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px;
                                text-transform: none; white-space:
                                normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px;
                                border-spacing: 0px;
                                -webkit-text-decorations-in-effect:
                                none; -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;
                                -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;
                                font-size: medium; ">
                                <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                                  -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                                  -webkit-line-break: after-white-space;
                                  "><span class="Apple-style-span"
                                    style="border-collapse: separate;
                                    color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family:
                                    Helvetica; font-style: normal;
                                    font-variant: normal; font-weight:
                                    normal; letter-spacing: normal;
                                    line-height: normal; orphans: 2;
                                    text-align: -webkit-auto;
                                    text-indent: 0px; text-transform:
                                    none; white-space: normal; widows:
                                    2; word-spacing: 0px;
                                    border-spacing: 0px;
                                    -webkit-text-decorations-in-effect:
                                    none; -webkit-text-size-adjust:
                                    auto; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
                                    0px; font-size: medium; ">
                                    <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                                      -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                                      -webkit-line-break:
                                      after-white-space; "><br>
                                      Simon Biggs<br>
                                      <a moz-do-not-send="true"
                                        href="mailto:simon@littlepig.org.uk">simon@littlepig.org.uk</a></div>
                                    <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                                      -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                                      -webkit-line-break:
                                      after-white-space; "><a
                                        moz-do-not-send="true"
                                        href="http://www.littlepig.org.uk">http://www.littlepig.org.uk</a>
                                      @SimonBiggsUK <a
                                        moz-do-not-send="true"
                                        href="http://amazon.com/author/simonbiggs">http://amazon.com/author/simonbiggs</a><br>
                                      <br>
                                      <a moz-do-not-send="true"
                                        href="mailto:s.biggs@ed.ac.uk">s.biggs@ed.ac.uk</a>&nbsp;Edinburgh
                                      College of Art, University of
                                      Edinburgh</div>
                                    <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                                      -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                                      -webkit-line-break:
                                      after-white-space; "><a
                                        moz-do-not-send="true"
href="http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/edinburgh-college-art/school-of-art/staff/staff?person_id=182&amp;cw_xml=profile.php">http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/edinburgh-college-art/school-of-art/staff/staff?person_id=182&amp;cw_xml=profile.php</a><br>
<a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/persons/simon-biggs%285dfcaf34-56b1-4452-9100-aaab96935e31%29.html">http://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/persons/simon-biggs%285dfcaf34-56b1-4452-9100-aaab96935e31%29.html</a><br>
                                      <br>
                                      <a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.eca.ac.uk/circle/">http://www.eca.ac.uk/circle/</a>
                                      &nbsp;<a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.elmcip.net/">http://www.elmcip.net/</a>
                                      &nbsp;<a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.movingtargets.org.uk/">http://www.movingtargets.org.uk/</a>
                                      &nbsp;<a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://designinaction.com/">http://designinaction.com/</a></div>
                                    <div style="word-wrap: break-word;
                                      -webkit-nbsp-mode: space;
                                      -webkit-line-break:
                                      after-white-space; ">MSc by
                                      Research in Interdisciplinary
                                      Creative Practices &nbsp;<a
                                        moz-do-not-send="true"
href="http://www.ed.ac.uk/studying/postgraduate/degrees?id=656&amp;cw_xml=details.php">http://www.ed.ac.uk/studying/postgraduate/degrees?id=656&amp;cw_xml=details.php</a></div>
                                  </span></div>
                              </span></div>
                          </span></div>
                      </span></div>
                  </span></div>
              </span></div>
          </span>
        </div>
        <br>
      </div>
      <br>
      <fieldset class="mimeAttachmentHeader"></fieldset>
      <br>
      <pre wrap="">_______________________________________________
empyre forum
<a class="moz-txt-link-abbreviated" href="mailto:empyre@lists.cofa.unsw.edu.au">empyre@lists.cofa.unsw.edu.au</a>
<a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.subtle.net/empyre">http://www.subtle.net/empyre</a></pre>
    </blockquote>
    <br>
    <br>
    <pre class="moz-signature" cols="72">-- 
Faculty homepage: <a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.law.yale.edu/faculty/CSpiesel.htm">http://www.law.yale.edu/faculty/CSpiesel.htm</a>
Book: <a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.lawondisplay.fromthesquare.org">http://www.lawondisplay.fromthesquare.org</a>
Publications available on-line:
"More Than a Thousand Words in Response to Rebecca Tushnet"
 <a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://www.harvardlawreview.org/issues/125/january12/forum_798.php">http://www.harvardlawreview.org/issues/125/january12/forum_798.php</a>
<a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://ssrn.com/author=519293">http://ssrn.com/author=519293</a></pre>
  </body>
</html>